Wednesday, May 16, 2012

The Panchatantra

© Munindra Misra 
The Panchatantra was composed 3rd century BCE by Vishnu Sarma initially,
Based on older oral traditions, going back to the origins of language actually,
It is the most frequently translated literary text of Hindu’s and India certainly,
With over 200 versions in more than 50 languages to be found universally.
Panchatantra - 1.          
Panchatantra is a nitisastra; treatise on political science, human conduct, niti,
Written as story, to instruct three dull, ignorant princes, in principles of polity,
It is based on Dharma and Artha shastras – answering questions categorically,
On how to achieve pleasures in life with development of man harmoniously.
Panchatantra - 2.          
How to lead a pleasant life with determined actions and complete security,
Yet be showered with friendship, good learning, wisdom and prosperity,
It is a compilation of Sanskrit and Pali animal fables - in prose and poetry,
Pancha means five and Tantra means the ways, principles or strategies.
Panchatantra - 3.          
Amidst Panchatantra, Aesop's Fables, Arabian Nights, Sindbad - such stories,
Many a nursery rhymes and ballads universally - there is a strong similarity,
Such animal fables found in most world cultures - India the prime source be,
The Panchatantra - origin of several nursery rhymes, ballads, Arabian stories.
Panchatantra - 4.             
© Munindra Misra 

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